Yessentuki is one of the most famous spa in Russia. It is included in the group of Caucasus mineral waters and is one of the biggest health resorts of this type within the country. It has been helping people for already more than 200 years to recover their health and simply have a pleasant rest in adorable mountain climate.
Of all mineral springs of Yessentuki, about twenty are of medical value. Sodium carbonic hydrocarbonate-chloride (i.e. salt-alkaline) water of springs #4 and #17, which have made the health resort popular, are the most famous and therapeutically valuable. The hot springs (35.5°–46 °C) similar to the waters of springs #4 and #17 in their structure have been led to the surface in the vicinities of the village of Novoblagodarnoye (8 kilometers (5.0 mi) north of Yessentuki). The water of springs #4 and #17 and their analogues are used for peroral treatment. Carbonic hydrogen-sulphide water of holes #1 and #2, as well as calcium-sodium hydrosulphuric sulphate-hydrocarbonate (the so-called sulphur-alkaline) water of the Gaazo-Ponomarevsky spring are used for baths, lavages, inhalations and other balneotherapeutic procedures. Calcium-magnesium sulphate-hydrocarbonate water of spring #20 is used for baths. The water of springs #4 and #17 is bottled by a local bottler as a healing water (#17) and as a healing table water (#4) under the name of Yessentuki.
General indications for treatment: diseases of the musculoskeletal system, diseases of the digestive system, of the upper and lower airways, metabolic disorders, peripheral nervous system diseases, skin diseases, gynecological and urological inflammatory diseases, diabetes, amphodontosis, dandruff.